Sunday, November 12, 2017

Enoch’s Yearly Circuit of the Sun


In about the year 4012 BC, Noah’s grandfather Enoch documented the yearly circuit of the sun in Book of Enoch. Enoch taught the laws of the sun to his son Methuselah and Methuselah taught these laws to his son Noah.  Noah I’m sure cherished the books that his grandfather Enoch wrote and took them on the ark with him for safe keeping.  From there the knowledge was passed down to all of Noah’s descendants.  Our bibles reflect that king David was aware of the circuit of the sun in this verse:  

In the sun he has set his tabernacle; and he comes forth as a bridegroom out of his chamber: he will exult as a giant to run his course. His going forth is from the extremity of heaven, and his circuit to the other end of heaven: and no one shall be hidden from his heat.” Psa 19:5-6 

There are several places in our bibles called ‘Gilgal or Galgal’ which means ‘circle of stones’.  There are ancient circle of stone on earth that do track the circuit of the sun as Enoch described in the Book of Enoch.

And the people came up out of the Jordan, the tenth day of the first month, and camped in Galgal, over against the east side of the city of Jericho. And the twelve stones which they had taken out of the channel of the Jordan, Josue pitched in Galgal, And said to the children of Israel: When your children shall ask their fathers, to morrow, and shall say to them: What mean these stones? You shall teach them and say: Israel passed over this Jordan through the dry channel.” DR Joshua 4:19-22

Enoch’s Yearly Circuit of the Sun

Enoch documented the circuit of the sun from our perspective here on earth; meaning our view of what the sun appears to be doing.  For example, today we say the sun rises in the east and sets in the west; however the sun did not move instead the earth’s rotation causes this effect.  Enoch documented the sun’s movement as seen from the Northern Hemisphere.

Each gate or portal contains a window for viewing two different constellations at the start of each month. Only one constellation is viewed at one time depending on whether the sun is heading north or south.  The months reflected in purple below are the months where the sun is heading in a northern direction.  The months in red reflect the sun’s movement in a southern direction.  Since the constellation do move one degree every seventy years, a month may start in one constellation and end in another constellation.  This diagram reflects a full month being in the same gate; however, currently today we are starting and ending a month in a different constellation.  For example, in the 1st Month of the year called Abib, we start with the constellation Aquarius and end the month with the constellation Pisces.  

The numbers in the diagram below reflect the 12 biblical months which are different then the months on our current calendar.  As Enoch explains, the first month of the year begins in the fourth gate or portal.   It is interesting to note that the sun and the stars were created on the fourth day of creation according to Genesis, chapter one.  And also that the 1st day of each season begins on the fourth day of the week which is Wednesday when using a proper biblical calendar. 

For a larger pdf version of the diagram above click here.

The Book of Enoch, chapter 72, which describes how the diagram above works:

 “The book of the courses of the luminaries of the heaven, the relations of each, according to their classes, their dominion and their seasons, according to their names and places of origin, and according to their months, which Uriel, the holy angel, who was with me, who is their guide, showed me; and he showed me all their laws exactly as they are, and how it is with regard to all the years of the world and unto eternity, till the new creation is accomplished which dureth till eternity. 2. And this is the first law of the luminaries: the luminary the Sun has its rising in the eastern portals of the heaven, and its setting in the western portals of the heaven. 3. And I saw six portals in which the sun rises, and six portals in which the sun sets and the moon rises and sets in these portals, and the leaders of the stars and those whom they lead: six in the east and six in the west, and all following each other in accurately corresponding order: also many windows to the right and left of these portals. 4. And first there goes forth the great luminary, named the Sun, and his circumference is like the circumference of the heaven, and he is quite filled with illuminating and heating fire. 5. The chariot on which he ascends, the wind drives, and the sun goes down from the heaven and returns through the north in order to reach the east, and is so guided that he comes to the appropriate (lit. 'that') portal and shines in the face of the heaven. 6. In this way he rises in the first month in the great portal, which is the fourth those six portals in the cast. 7. And in that fourth portal from which the sun rises in the first month are twelve window-openings, from which proceed a flame when they are opened in their season. 8. When the sun rises in the heaven, he comes forth through that fourth portal thirty mornings in succession, and sets accurately in the fourth portal in the west of the heaven. 9. And during this period the day becomes daily longer and the night nightly shorter to the thirtieth morning. 10. On that day the day is longer than the night by a ninth part, and the day amounts exactly to ten parts and the night to eight parts. 11. And the sun rises from that fourth portal, and sets in the fourth and returns to the fifth portal of the east thirty mornings, and rises from it and sets in the fifth portal. 12. And then the day becomes longer by †two† parts and amounts to eleven parts, and the night becomes shorter and amounts to seven parts. 13. And it returns to the east and enters into the sixth portal, and rises and sets in the sixth portal one-and-thirty mornings on account of its sign. 14. On that day the day becomes longer than the night, and the day becomes double the night, and the day becomes twelve parts, and the night is shortened and becomes six parts. 15. And the sun mounts up to make the day shorter and the night longer, and the sun returns to the east and enters into the sixth portal, and rises from it and sets thirty mornings. 16. And when thirty mornings are accomplished, the day decreases by exactly one part, and becomes eleven parts, and the night seven. 17. And the sun goes forth from that sixth portal in the west, and goes to the east and rises in the fifth portal for thirty mornings, and sets in the west again in the fifth western portal. 18. On that day the day decreases by †two† parts, and amounts to ten parts and the night to eight parts. 19. And the sun goes forth from that fifth portal and sets in the fifth portal of the west, and rises in the fourth portal for one-and-thirty mornings on account of its sign, and sets in the west. 20. On that day the day is equalized with the night, [and becomes of equal length], and the night amounts to nine parts and the day to nine parts. 21. And the sun rises from that portal and sets in the west, and returns to the east and rises thirty mornings in the third portal and sets in the west in the third portal. 22. And on that day the night becomes longer than the day, and night becomes longer than night, and day shorter than day till the thirtieth morning, and the night amounts exactly to ten parts and the day to eight parts. 23. And the sun rises from that third portal and sets in the third portal in the west and returns to the east, and for thirty mornings rises in the second portal in the east, and in like manner sets in the second portal in the west of the heaven. 24. And on that day the night amounts to eleven parts and the day to seven parts. 25. And the sun rises on that day from that second portal and sets in the west in the second portal, and returns to the east into the first portal for one-and-thirty mornings, and sets in the first portal in the west of the heaven. 26. And on that day the night becomes longer and amounts to the double of the day: and the night amounts exactly to twelve parts and the day to six. 27. And the sun has (therewith) traversed the divisions of his orbit and turns again on those divisions of his orbit, and enters that portal thirty mornings and sets also in the west opposite to it. 28. And on that night has the night decreased in length by a †ninth† part, and the night has become eleven parts and the day seven parts. 29. And the sun has returned and entered into the second portal in the east, and returns on those his divisions of his orbit for thirty mornings, rising and setting. 30. And on that day the night decreases in length, and the night amounts to ten parts and the day to eight. 31. And on that day the sun rises from that portal, and sets in the west, and returns to the east, and rises in the third portal for one-and-thirty mornings, and sets in the west of the heaven. 32. On that day the night decreases and amounts to nine parts, and the day to nine parts, and the night is equal to the day and the year is exactly as to its days three hundred and sixty-four. 33. And the length of the day and of the night, and the shortness of the day and of the night arise--through the course of the sun these distinctions are made (lit. 'they are separated'). 34. So it comes that its course becomes daily longer, and its course nightly shorter. 35. And this is the law and the course of the sun, and his return as often as he returns sixty times and rises, i.e. the great luminary which is named the sun, for ever and ever. 36. And that which (thus) rises is the great luminary, and is so named according to its appearance, according as the Lord commanded. 37. As he rises, so he sets and decreases not, and rests not, but runs day and night, and his light is sevenfold brighter than that of the moon; but as regards size they are both equal.”

The diagram below shows how the earth tilts causing the Northern Hemisphere to receive more daylight in the summer and less daylight in the winter.  The summer solstice occurs when the sun is directly overhead of the Tropic of Cancer.  The winter solstice occurs when the sun’s position is directly overhead of the Tropic of Capricorn.  These two tropics were named this during the time of Enoch’s life since the constellation of Cancer was back then the most northern constellation over head during the summer solstice and constellation of Capricorn was the most southern constellation back then during the winter solstice (see diagram above).  Therefore, this proves that this information was documented around the time of Enoch’s life.  

The 3rd biblical month now starts at the end of the Aries constellation (Aries is the smallest constellation) and beginning of the constellation of Taurus now due to the movement of the Mazzaroth or Zodiac.  The sun’s position at the end of the 3rd month, on the 31st day also called the 91st day of the spring quarter which is called the summer solstice is actually in between Taurus and Gemini now.  Therefore, the constellation Cancer is no longer the most northern constellation any longer as it was during Enoch’s lifetime.  

The biblical 9th month begins in the constellation of Libra; however on the last day on the 9th month, which is either called the 31st day or the 91st day of the fall quarter, the winter solstice now occurs between the constellations Scorpio and Sagittarius and not at Capricorn any longer like it did during Enoch’s lifetime.

Enoch’s circuit of the sun tracked time with a sidereal day and year.  A sidereal year is 23.60 hours shorter than our current calendar.  Our current Gregorian calendar tracks the year tropically and is not as accurate.  In fact today’s astronomers use the Julian calendar day and year for tracking time since it is more accurate than our current day Gregorian calendar.

Stone Circuits of the Sun

Noah’s descendants have been tracking the circuit of the sun ever since Noah’s flood in many places all over the world.  This ancient mound in Peru shows how the yearly circuit of the sun is viewed from the earth (more info here).

There are lots of stone made circuits on the earth that track the circuit of the sun and here are a few examples: 

 For more information on the above solar stone circuits of the sun:


Now each time you see the Topic of Cancer or Capricorn on a map remember that it was placed there during the time that Enoch and Noah lived.  Let’s also remember that is was Noah’s and Jacob-Israel’s descendants that built the stone circuits to track the sun. 

Sunday, November 5, 2017

The Biblical Weekly Cycle of Seven


According to the laws of Moses the Israelites were to track time using a week of seven days and years grouped in a seven year cycle.  I believe our Father in Heaven asked that this be done so that the weekly cycle of seven would never be broken and there is proof that this cycle was never broken.  Even though the names of the days of the week were changed and our calendar did change, the cycle of seven was not interrupted.  I will explain how this is possible in on this page.

Jesus’ Resurrection is Celebrated on Sunday

It is tradition to celebrate Christ’s resurrection on Sunday and that tradition was started right after Jesus was crucified.  Based on my research I have found that the Sabbath day is a ‘day of rest’ and was never intended to be a church day.  I wrote more about the Sabbath day of rest here.  Sunday was the day that congregation met and they named that day ‘the Lord’s day’ because that was the day that Mary discovered that Jesus’ tomb was empty and that Jesus had risen.

And in the end of the sabbath [Abib 18], when it began to dawn towards the first day [Abib 19] of the week, came Mary Magdalen and the other Mary, to see the sepulchre. And behold there was a great earthquake. For an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and coming, rolled back the stone, and sat upon it. And his countenance was as lightning, and his raiment as snow. And for fear of him, the guards were struck with terror, and became as dead men. And the angel answering, said to the women: Fear not you; for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified. He is not here, for he is risen, as he said. Come, and see the place where the Lord was laid.”  DR Matthew 28:1-6

And on the first day [Abib 19] of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared. And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre. And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.” DR Luke 24:1-2

And on the first day [Abib 19] of the week, Mary Magdalen cometh early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre; and she saw the stone taken away from the sepulchre. She ran, therefore, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and saith to them: They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.” DR John 20:1-2

Today Jesus’ resurrection is always celebrated on Sunday since that is the first day of the week when Mary found the tomb empty and Jesus appeared to them.  This day is traditionally called ‘Easter Sunday’ for this reason.  Church’s today do not celebration Christ’s resurrection on the correct date but they do hold to the tradition of celebrating his resurrection on Sunday.  On a proper calendar, such as Enoch’s or the Jubilee calendars, Abib 19 must be on the first day of the week now called Sunday.  The seven day weekly cycle has not been broken since the time of Christ’s resurrection and probably has not been broken since creation.  When the current Gregorian calendar, also called New Style, was implemented this seven day cycle was not broken since Wednesday, 2 September 1752, was followed by Thursday, 14 September 1752. America adopted the New Style calendar while a colony of the British Empire.  The dates on a proper calendar should always be, as follows:

  • Abib 13 – Monday - The Last Supper
  • Abib 14 – Tuesday - Passover and Christ’s crucifixion (He was placed in the tomb just before the dawn of the 15th which was Unleavened Bread)
  • Abib 18 – Sabbath or Saturday - Christ’s Resurrection (after 3 days and 3 nights in tomb Luke 24:46)
  • Abib 19 – Sunday, the 1st day of the week - Mary finds the tomb empty and later that day Christ appears and shows that he was resurrected.

Here is how the events are shown on the Enoch and Jubilees calendar:

Kyriaki is the Lord’s Day in the Bible

In this article I refer to Sunday as ‘the Lord’s day’ since this is the wording in our bibles; however the words used in the original ancient Greek was ‘Kyriakí day’ and I do not think this word is being properly translated.  The word Kyriaki is derived from  κύριος - kurios which was translated to the word ‘Lord’ 626 times in the New Testament.  Κύριος was also translated to Lord in the Septuagint version of the bible that was written 400 years earlier than the New Testament. Kyriaki or kyriakós is an adjective meaning ‘belonging to the Lord’.  Kyriakós is used in reference to ‘the Lord’s Supper’ and ‘the Lord’s day’ being Sunday. 

In this verse the word Kyriakós is used in reference to eating Jesus’ supper that was done on Sundays when they met together:

When you come therefore together into one place, it is not now to eat the Lord's supper.” 1 Cor 11:20

Συνερχομένων οὖν ὑμῶν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτό, οὐκ ἔστιν κυριακὸν [belonging to the Lord] δεῖπνον φαγεῖν.”  1 Cor 11:20

The Latin Vulgate has a Latin version of the word Kyriakós which is Dominicam and that was used in their language of the bible:

“convenientibus ergo vobis in unum iam non est dominicam [belonging to the Lord] cenam manducare” 1 Cor 11:20

In this verse the words ‘Lord’s day’ or Kyriakós are used and confirm that Jesus came to John with the revelation on a Sunday:

I was in the spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet” DR Rev 1:10

Ἐγενόμην ἐν πνεύματι ἐν τῇ κυριακῇ (Lord’s) ἡμέρᾳ·(day) καὶ ἤκουσα φωνὴν ὀπίσω μου μεγάλην ὡς σάλπιγγος” Rev 1:10 Also see Strong’s interlineal

fui in spiritu in dominica (Lord’s) die (day) et audivi post me vocem magnam tamquam tubae” Rev 1:10

John did know the difference between the Sabbath and Kyriakós since here he uses the word Sabbath.  The English, Greek and Latin versions all reflect the word Sabbath.

“Now it was the sabbath, when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes.” DR John 9:14

Ἦν δὲ σάββατον ὅτε τὸν πηλὸν ἐποίησεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς, καὶ ἀνέῳξεν αὐτοῦ τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς. BR John 9:14 Also see Strong’s interlineal

“autem sabbatum quando lutum fecit Iesus et aperuit oculos eius” LV John 9:14

1st Century Use of the Lord’s Day

In the Teachings of the Twelve Apostles written in the first century and is called the Didache, it confirms that the ‘Lord’s day’ was when the early congregations assembled:

But every Lord’s day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.”  Didache 14:1

The Didache also confirms the use of the word ‘preparation’ as a named day of the week:

But let not your fasts be with the hypocrites; for they fast on the second and fifth day of the week; but do ye fast on the fourth day and the Preparation [Friday].” Didache 8:1

Greek & Latin Week Days

The table below reflects the ancient names for the week days.  In about 321 AD, Constantine instituted that the days be named as they are today; the days were named after planets and prior to this only some places used planet names.  Notice that both Greek and Latin have a word for ‘the day of the Lord’ and a different word that is used for the Sabbath day.  The Greeks reflects that called Friday preparation day since that is the day you would prepare for the Sabbath day.

Ancient Greek
Κυριακή -Kyriakí
Lord’s day  κύριος (kýrios, Lord)
Δευτέρα -Deftéra
Τρίτη - Tríti

Τετάρτη -Tetárti

dīēs Mercuriī
Πέμπτη -Pémpti
Παρασκευή –Paraskeví
preparation day
‘day before Sabbath or Feast Day’
Σάββατο -Sávvato
sábbaton – Sabbath
Saturn 'to sow'

So even though the names of the weeks were changed the cycle was not broken.

Also see:

The Biblical Week

Our bible does reflect that the week has always been seven days and that the seventh day is a ‘day of rest’.   Here are the definitions of the word day and week:

Ancient Greek
Block Hebrew
μέρα - méra
ημέρα - iméra
Solar or sidereal day, daylight
Hot or warm hours
εβδομάδα - evdomáda
From ἕβδομος - hébdomos, seventh,
A group of 7 days or years
Change, turn, week, group of seven
Group of 7 days or years


Our Father in Heaven used a seven day week to create our world and then rested on the seventh day that day was later named the Sabbath day.

And God blessed the seventh [εβδόμη – évdomos, seventh] day [ημέρα –iméra - daylight] and sanctified it, because in it he ceased from all his works which God began to do.” Gen 2:3  

The Latin and block Hebrew versions of the bible also a confirm seven day week with the seventh day being a holy day:

“et benedixit diei [daytime] septimo [seventh] et sanctificavit illum quia in ipso cessaverat ab omni opere suo quod creavit Deus [God] ut faceret” LV Gen 2:3

“And he blessed the seventh [shebii or shebiith, seventh] day [yom, day] and sanctified it: because in it he had rested from all his work which God [Elohim]created and made.” DR Gen 2:3

Exodus Confirms the Seven Day Week Cycle

 The laws of Moses confirm a seven day week with the seventh day being a day of rest:

“Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh [εβδόμη – évdomos, seventh] day thou shalt rest: there shall be rest in seed-time and harvest [αμητώ-amén, form of amen, to fulfill]. And thou shalt keep to me the feast [εορτήν-giortí, celebration] of weeks [εβδομάδων, evdomáda, week], the beginning of wheat [πυρών-purôn,  watchfires or puron corn or wheat] –harvest [θερισμού-therízo, reap, cut] and the feast of ingathering in the middle of the year [ενιαυτού - eniautós, year].” Exo 34:21-22

The Latin and block Hebrew versions of the same verses confirm the seven day week cycle:

“sex diebus operaberis die septimo cessabis arare et metere sollemnitatem ebdomadarum [hebdomada, seven or week] facies tibi in primitiis frugum [crop or produce] messis [harvest] tuae triticeae [wheat root word grind] et sollemnitatem [solemnity or ceremony] quando redeunte anni [year] tempore cuncta conduntur” LV Exo 34:21-22

“Six days shalt thou work, the seventh [shebiith: seventh] day thou shalt cease to plough, and to reap. Thou shalt keep the feast of weeks [shabua: a period of seven] with the firstfruits of the corn of thy wheat [uncertain, grain or the plant] harvest, and the feast when the time of the year returneth that all things are laid in.” DR Exo 34:21-22

Feast of Weeks Confirms Seven Day Week Cycle

The countdown to the Feast of Weeks that is also called Pentecost confirms a seven day cycle of seven weeks is used to count the number of day from the Wave Sheaf feast that is also called First Fruits. Therefore they had to keep track of the week days to ensure that the Feast of Weeks is celebrated the correct day.  The picture of the calendar above does show seven weeks between First Fruits and the Feast of Weeks.

 “And ye shall number to yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day on which ye shall offer the sheaf of the heave-offering, seven full weeks: until the morrow after the last week ye shall number fifty days, and shall bring a new meat-offering to the Lord.” Lev 23:15-16

Seven weeks shalt thou number to thyself; when thou hast begun to put the sickle to the corn, thou shalt begin to number seven weeks. And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks to the Lord thy God, accordingly as thy hand has power in as many things as the Lord thy God shall give thee.” Deu 16:9-10

The Year of Jubilee Confirms Seven Day and Year Cycle

The laws of Moses reflect that the Israelites were to keep track of years in increments of seven so that the Year of Jubilee could be proclaimed:

And thou shalt reckon to thyself seven sabbaths of years, seven times seven years; and they shall be to thee seven weeks of years, nine and forty years.  In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall make a proclamation with the sound of a trumpet in all your land; on the day of atonement ye shall make a proclamation with a trumpet in all your land. And ye shall sanctify the year, the fiftieth year, and ye shall proclaim a release upon the land to all that inhabit it; it shall be given a year of release, a jubilee for you; and each one shall depart to his possession, and ye shall go each to his family.” Lev 25:8-10 

The Priestly Courses Tracked by Weeks

The priestly divisions, of the year, were created by King David and they are also known as courses.  These courses were tracked by the week.  King David’s priestly courses are described in 1 Chronicles chapter 24. The priestly courses were found in the Dead Sea Scrolls showing that the priestly courses rotated the weeks.  At the time Mary conceived Jesus the courses were still being followed as shown here in Luke:

There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judea, a certain priest named Zachary, of the course of Abia; and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name Elizabeth.”  DR Luke 1:5

The Book of Jubilees

The book of Jubilees does track time using a seven day week and a seven year cycle.  Here are a couple of examples from the book of Jubilees:

And in the third week in the second jubilee she gave birth to Cain, and in the fourth she gave birth to Abel, and in the fifth she gave birth to her daughter Awan. And in the first (year) of the third jubilee, Cain slew Abel because (God) accepted the sacrifice of Abel, and did not accept the offering of Cain.” Jubilees 4:1-3

And in the fifth year of the fourth week of this jubilee, in the third month, in the middle of the month, Abram celebrated the feast of the first-fruits of the grain harvest.” Jubilees 15:1-2


During the time of Daniel they were tracking weeks:

 “Seventy weeks have been determined upon thy people, and upon the holy city, for sin to be ended, and to seal up transgressions, and to blot out the iniquities, and to make atonement for iniquities, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal the vision and the prophet, and to anoint the Most Holy. And thou shalt know and understand, that from the going forth of the command for the answer and for the building of Jerusalem until Christ the prince there shall be seven weeks, and sixty-two weeks; and then the time shall return, and the street shall be built, and the wall, and the times shall be exhausted. And after the sixty-two weeks, the anointed one shall be destroyed, and there is no judgment in him: and he shall destroy the city and the sanctuary with the prince that is coming: they shall be cut off with a flood, and to the end of the war which is rapidly completed he shall appoint the city to desolations. And one week shall establish the covenant with many: and in the midst of the week my sacrifice and drink-offering shall be taken away: and on the temple shall be the abomination of desolations; and at the end of time an end shall be put to the desolation.” Dan 9:24-27


Our Father in Heaven used the seven day week documented in Genesis chapter one over 7500 years before present.   The book of Jubilees tracks time all the way back to Adam using the week and year in cycles of seven.

The process of tracking the seven day week and years were given to Moses about 3450 years before present.  We can see proof that they tracked weeks for Feast of Weeks, the priestly courses and time in the book of Jubilees.

The Christian tradition of Kyriakí or the Lord ’s Day dates back to almost 2000 years ago when Mary found the Jesus’ tomb empty.  Therefore, this is a long established tradition to track weekly cycles of seven.  So it is very possible that the seven day week cycle was never broken.

This is why I believe that when using an Enoch or Jubilees calendar to track feast days it is very important the first day of the first Month of Abib must be a Wednesday.  The sun was created on the fourth day which is Wednesday on our current calendar.  When you put the first day of Abib on a Wednesday all of your calendar dates will be correctly placed and you will not have any conflicts with scripture.  This will ensure that Jesus’ resurrection celebration always falls on a Sunday which is the first day of the week. Both the book of Jubilees and Enoch concur that a year has 52 weeks. 

Saturday, October 21, 2017

The Origins of All Hallows Eve & All Saints Day


The traditions of Halloween and All Saints Day are very ancient.  They may date as far back as 3000 BC with the Druid who started some of the traditions we still follow today.  Today people normally only celebrate Halloween; however, it use to be a three day observance in a few churches.  Halloween actually is All Hallows Eve and is to be celebrated the day before All Saints Day and then the following day is All Souls Day.  

Hallow means holy saint. So on the appearance this day sound like a good day to observe since there is nothing wrong with honoring the saints one day a year as long as you are not bowing down and worshiping them.  The New Testament refers to Israelites who are in Christ as saints.

Paul and Timothy, the servants of Jesus Christ; to all the saints in Christ Jesus, who are at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons.” Phil 1:1

To the saints and faithful brethren in Christ Jesus, who are at Colossa.” Col 1:2

Therefore all our forefathers and mothers in Christ would be considered saints and there is a commandment to honor you fathers and mothers.  The bible does not use the words grandpa and grandma; so they are consider fathers and mothers also.

Honour thy father and thy mother, that thou mayest be longlived upon the land which the Lord thy God will give thee.” Exodus 20:12

Based on my research below, Halloween has been associated with the following:

According to old newspapers and internet articles these were the original events associated with Halloween:

·         Bell ringing
·         Ringing Church bells all night
·         The spirits are in the air and do mischief that night
·         Departed spirits visit the earth that night
·         Prayers for departed ancestors
·         Cleaning the cemeteries
·         Putting flowers on grave stones
·         Church services and fasting on All Saints Day
·         It is a night to identify your future spouse through divination
·         Making corn husk dolls dressed up as Maidens that were paraded house to house
·         Pranks on others
·         Pounding on doors
·         Cabbage throwing and putting it on door knockers
·         Apple bobbing
·         Bonfires
·         Burning nuts

My objective in this study was to learn about why Halloween was celebrated.  I believe it is important to understand the holidays we celebrate and why we have been celebrating them.  I wanted to give credit to my ancestors that they started this observance with good intentions. Below is an overview of how Halloween and All Saints Day were started and how they progressed.  I have many newspaper clippings that tell the history of these dates below.  The main issue I see with observing Halloween is some of the traditions are considered divinations and are not Christian.  Some of the pranks on Halloween are not Christian either.  As you will see though, I do believe that All Hallows Eve and All Saints Day originated with the Feast of Purim.


The Druids

Prior to reading all the newspaper articles and history of these days, I felt it important to document information about the Druids since this feast appears to be originated by them.  It is important to understand the timing of past events.

Noah’s flood occurred c. 3239BC.  Sometime after the flood Noah’s descendants sailed to England and built Stonehenge.  The construction of Stonehenge occurred sometime after c. 3100BC.  The early priests of Stonehenge were the Druids.  It is thought that the Druids were possibly the Chaldees of the bible (Stonehenge and Druidism by Raymond Capt, page 63).  The Chaldeans were descendant to Enoch, Noah and Shem; therefore they knew astronomy well.  The book of Jubilees, chapter 11, states that the Chaldeans practiced divination and astrology according to the signs of the heavens. 
Stonehenge was built prior to Moses receiving the law and the feast days documented in the law.  Prior to the laws of Moses being given, Noah’s descendants were to observe these feast days that are documented in Jubilees chapter 6:

·         March 21st - Spring Equinox – New Year’s Day – the start of their feast day and agricultural calendar – associated with planting
·         June 3rd - Feast or Festival of Weeks also called Pentecost – associated with ripening
·         June 20th - Summer Division or Quarter
·         September 19th - Fall Division or Quarter – New Year’s Day the start of their civic duties –associated with the harvest
·         December 19th - Winter Division or Quarter

The laws were given to Moses in about 1448BC and sometime after that some of the Phoenicians migrated to England and they were aware of all the laws.

The Druids and Phoenicians knew of the importance of having children; therefore finding a spouse would be important.  The newspaper articles below show that part of the Halloween observance had to do with finding a spouse. Part of the covenant that our Heavenly Father made with Noah was that his children were to multiply and fill the earth; therefore they needed a spouse to comply with this covenant.

And God blessed Noe and his sons. And he said to them: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth. And let the fear and dread of you be upon all the beasts of the earth, and upon all the fowls of the air, and all that move upon the earth: all the fishes of the sea are delivered into your hand.” Genesis 9:1

The newspaper articles state that the Druids kept three feasts a year and the bible states that three feast were to be kept each year.

Three times every year you shall celebrate feasts to me.” Exodus 23:14

The Druids kept the bonfires going and the bible states the fire was to be ongoing.

The fire on the altar shall be kept burning on it. It shall not go out, but the priest shall burn wood on it every morning; and he shall lay out the burnt offering on it, and offer up in smoke the fat portions of the peace offerings on it. Fire shall be kept burning continually on the altar; it is not to go out.” Leviticus 6:12-13

The Original ‘All Saints Day’ in February

The Festivals of Parentalia, Feralis, and Carista

According to newspaper accounts below, the Romans originally called All Saints Day - Feralis and it was celebrated February 13th to the 21st. Feralis means god or a sacred place and is associated with the dead, corpses and funerals.  The February 13th through 20th observance was called the Parentalia Festival for honoring their dead ancestors and the yearly renewal of the rite of burial. 

On Feralis Roman citizens were instructed to bring offerings to the tombs of their dead ancestors which consisted of at least "an arrangement of wreaths, a sprinkling of grain and a bit of salt, bread soaked in wine and violets scattered about." Additional offerings were permitted, however the dead were appeased with just the aforementioned. Ovid tells of a time when Romans, in the midst of war, neglected Feralia, which prompted the spirits of the departed to rise from their graves in anger, howling and roaming the streets. After this event, tribute to the tombs were then made and the ghastly hauntings ceased. To indicate public mourning, marriages of any kind were prohibited on the Feralia, and Ovid urged mothers, brides, and widows to refrain from lighting their wedding torches. Magistrates stopped wearing their insignia and any worship of the gods was prohibited as it "should be hidden behind closed temple doors; no incense on the altar, no fire on the hearth.

Caristia was celebrated on February 22nd and was to honored family or ancestors. It followed the Parentalia, nine days of remembrance which began on February 13 and concluded with the Feralia on February 21. For the Parentalia, families visited the tombs of their ancestors and shared cake and wine both in the form of offerings and as a meal among themselves. The Feralia was a more somber occasion, a public festival of sacrifices and offerings to the Manes, the spirits of the dead who required propitiation (cover over sin). The Caristia in recognition of the family line as it continued into the present and among the living. Caristia was a day of reconciliation when disagreements were to be set aside.

From Parentalia to Caristia all temples were closed, marriages were forbidden, and "magistrates appeared without their insignia," an indication that no official business was conducted. 

Feast of Purim

The Feast of Purim was declared in the Book of Esther to be celebrated as a memorial forever.  It was to be celebrated to remember that they defeated their adversaries.   It was to be celebrated in the twelve month which was later named February.  Purim comes from the Latin word pūrum which means to cleans or purify.

For in the twelfth month, on the thirteenth day of the month which is Adar, the letters written by the king arrived. In that day the adversaries of the Judeans perished: for no one resisted, through fear of them. For the chiefs of the satraps, and the princes and the royal scribes, honoured the Judeans; for the fear of Mardochaeus lay upon them. For the order of the king was in force, that he should be celebrated in all the kingdom. And in the city Susa the Judeans slew five hundred men: both Pharsannes, and Delphon and Phasga, and Pharadatha, and Barea, and Sarbaca, and Marmasima, and Ruphaeus, and Arsaeus, and Zabuthaeus, the ten sons of Aman the son of Amadathes the Bugaean, the enemy of the Judeans, and they plundered their property on the same day: and the number of them that perished in Susa was rendered to the king. And the king said to Esther, The Judeans have slain five hundred men in the city Susa; and how, thinkest thou, have they used them in the rest of the country? What then dost thou yet ask, that it may be done for thee? And Esther said to the king, let it be granted to the Judeans so to treat them tomorrow as to hand the ten sons of Aman. And he permitted it to be so done; and he gave up to the Judeans of the city the bodies of the sons of Aman to hang. And the Judeans assembled in Susa on the fourteenth day of Adar, and slew three hundred men, but plundered no property. And the rest of the Judeans who were in the kingdom assembled, and helped one another, and obtained rest from their enemies: for they destroyed fifteen thousand of them on the thirteenth day of Adar, but took no spoil. And they rested on the fourteenth of the same month, and kept it as a day of rest with joy and gladness. And the Judeans in the city Susa assembled also on the fourteenth day and rested [this day is a normally a Sabbath rest day]; and they kept also the fifteenth with joy and gladness. On this account then it is that the Judeans dispersed in every foreign land keep the fourteenth of Adar as a holy day with joy, sending portions each to his neighbour.” Sep Est 9:1-19 

Queen Esther establishes the Feast of Purim to be forever memorialized in the twelve month, now called February, on the 14th and 15th.

“And Mardochaeus wrote these things in a book, and sent them to the Judeans, as many as were in the kingdom of Artaxerxes, both them that were near and them that were afar off, to establish these as joyful days, and to keep the fourteenth and fifteenth of Adar; for on these days the Judeans obtained rest from their enemies; and as to the month, which was Adar, in which a change was made for them, from mourning to joy, and from sorrow to a good day, to spend the whole of it in good days of feasting and gladness, sending portions to their friends, and to the poor. And the Judeans consented to this accordingly as Mardochaeus wrote to them, shewing how Aman the son of Amadathes the Macedonian fought against them, how he made a decree and cast lots to destroy them utterly; also how he went in to the king, telling him to hang Mardochaeus: but all the calamities he tried to bring upon the Judeans came upon himself, and he was hanged, and his children. Therefore these days were called Phrurae (now called Purim), because of the lots; (for in their language they are called Phrurae;)because of the words of this letter, and because of all they suffered on this account, and all that happened to them. And Mardochaeus established it, and the Judeans took upon themselves, and upon their seed, and upon those that were joined to them to observe it, neither would they on any account behave differently: but these days were to be a memorial kept in every generation, and city, and family, and province. And these days of the Phrurae, said they,shall be kept for ever, and their memorial shall not fail in any generation.  And queen Esther, the daughter of Aminadab, and Mardochaeus, wrote all that they had done, and the confirmation of the letter of Phrurae. And Mardochaeus and Esther the queen appointed a fast for themselves privately, even at that time also having formed their plan against their own health. And Esther established it by a command for ever, and it was written for a memorial.” Sep Esther 9:20-32

Later in the Book of Maccabees a decree was made to memorialize the 13th day of the twelve month, now called February, as a day to remember that they defeated their adversaries.

Maccabeus seeing the coming of the multitude, and the divers preparations of armour, and the fierceness of the beasts, stretched out his hands toward heaven, and called upon the Lord that worketh wonders, knowing that victory cometh not by arms, but even as it seemeth good to him, he giveth it to such as are worthy: Therefore in his prayer he said after this manner; O Lord, thou didst send thine angel in the time of Ezekias king of Judea, and didst slay in the host of Sennacherib an hundred fourscore and five thousand: Wherefore now also, O Lord of heaven, send a good angel before us for a fear and dread unto them; And through the might of thine arm let those be stricken with terror, that come against thy holy people to blaspheme. And he ended thus. Then Nicanor and they that were with him came forward with trumpets and songs.  But Judas and his company encountered the enemies with invocation and prayer. So that fighting with their hands, and praying unto God with their hearts, they slew no less than thirty and five thousand men: for through the appearance of God they were greatly cheered. Now when the battle was done, returning again with joy, they knew that Nicanor lay dead in his harness. Then they made a great shout and a noise, praising the Almighty in their own language. And Judas, who was ever the chief defender of the citizens both in body and mind, and who continued his love toward his countrymen all his life, commanded to strike off Nicanor's head, and his hand with his shoulder, and bring them to Jerusalem. So when he was there, and called them of his nation together, and set the priests before the altar, he sent for them that were of the tower, And shewed them vile Nicanor's head, and the hand of that blasphemer, which with proud brags he had stretched out against the holy temple of the Almighty. And when he had cut out the tongue of that ungodly Nicanor, he commanded that they should give it by pieces unto the fowls, and hang up the reward of his madness before the temple. So every man praised toward the heaven the glorious Lord, saying, Blessed be he that hath kept his own place undefiled. He hanged also Nicanor's head upon the tower, an evident and manifest sign unto all of the help of the Lord. And they ordained all with a common decree in no case to let that day pass without solemnity, but to celebrate the thirtieth day of the twelfth month, which in the Syrian tongue is called Adar, the day before Mardocheus' day. “ Sep 2 Maccabees 15:21-36 

Therefore, now the Feast of Purim was to begin on the 13th day just like the feasts of Parentalia and Feralis which became the All Saints Day until it was moved to May.   It was a day to remember all those who had died in the Book of Esther and it 2nd Maccabees.

February Means Purification

The Roman month Februarius was named after the Latin term februum, which means purification, via the purification ritual held on February 15th.  The purification ritual was the Feast of PurimThe month of February was also called historically called Kale-monath which is also known as cole or cabbage.  According to The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia, Volume 10, the Saxons called the month of February ‘spout-kale’.   

As shown below in newspaper reports regarding Halloween, cabbage was part of the observance.  It appears cabbage was thrown on All Hallows Eve.    Many European names for cabbage are derived from the Celto-Slavic root cap or kap, meaning "head". The late Middle English word cabbage derives from the word caboche "head".  Some verities of cabbage are called capitata which is a reference to the word head.  Slang use of the word of the word cabbage is "cabbage-head" which means a fool or stupid person and "cabbaged" means to be exhausted or, vulgarly, in a vegetative state.  In Maccabees above Nicanor’s head was decapitated and he was pronounced a blasphemer therefore he was vulgar.  The word decapitated and capitata both refer to the word head just like the word cabbage.  Therefore, the cabbage throwing tradition may have started with this event in 2nd Maccabees. 

The throwing of cabbage still occurs today on St. Patrick’s Day.  Today St. Patrick’s Day is held on March 17th; however on the biblical calendar that day would have been the twelfth month, February, on the 31st day.  Back then the twelfth month did have 31 days and that day would have been New Year’s Eve celebration.  Today St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated with corned beef and cabbage; therefore, cabbage has been a tradition for the month of February for a long time.  On this page an explanation of why cabbage is thrown today on St. Patrick’s Day is given stating it dates back to the potato famine that occurred in 1845; however, that cannot be true since below I have posted a newspaper article showing that in 1844 the cabbage throwing tradition had already been established. 

A Young girl that caught cabbage at the St. Patrick’s Day Parade in New Orleans.

Another reason cabbage maybe of importance is because cabbage plant is part of the Cruciferae family and comes from the word crucifer which means ‘cross bearer’ and a cross bearer is part of a religious procession.  Plants from the Cruciferae family have four petals so when the flower blooms they look like a cross.

Cross bearing flower sources:

More February Feasts

Merriam-Webster dictionary states that that the last week of the year was the feast of purification. In the ancient Roman calendar March was originally the first month of the year and hence February was the last. The last weeks of the year were a time when people made up for their wrongdoing to the gods and purifications were performed. These rituals were called februa in Latin, and from them the month took its name, Februarius.  This is probably where we get the tradition of making New Year’s Resolutions since normally resolutions are to correct a wrong doing in our life.

It is also said that February is the month of purification since Mary finished her 40 day purification process on February 2nd after Jesus was born (Leviticus 12 and Luke 2:22).  This is based on the fact that Jesus was born on December 25th; however, Jesus was born on September 29th so Mary’s purification process would have ended on November 9th.   Churches have been celebrating this date of February 2nd though in honor of Mary’s purification and this celebration is called Candlemas.

It is thought that Rome decided to observe Candlemas in February to combine this celebration with the Feast of Imbolc and the Feast of ending the Bear hibernation.  Rome liked to combine pagan tradition with Christian traditions.  They may have done this in order so that the pagan traditions would be forgotten.  Pagan simply means rural people or people living out in the country and not in a city.  

On February 1st, the festival of Imbolc was held by the Celts in Ireland and Scotland. At Imbolc, Brigid's crosses were made and a doll-like figure of Brigid, called a Brídeóg, would be paraded from house-to-house. The doll was made from corn husks and made up to be a Maiden (more about the corn doll here or here).  Brigid was said to visit one's home at Imbolc. To receive her blessings, people would make a bed for Brigid and leave her food and drink, while items of clothing would be left outside for her to bless. Brigid was also invoked to protect homes and livestock. Special feasts were had, holy wells were visited and it was also a time for divination.  The goddess Brigid was associated with purification and fertility at the end of winter. Peasants would carry torches and cross the fields in procession, praying to the goddess to purify the ground before planting. (Prays to a goddess are of course not Christian.)

From antiquity to the Middle Ages, the Celts celebrated the end of hibernation of the bears at the end of January and beginning of February. This was around the time when the bears would leave their dens and see if the weather was mild. This festival was characterized by bear costumes or disguises.  For a long time, the Catholic Church sought to stop these pagan practices. It is thought that this is why they instituted the Feast of Purification of the Virgin Mary called Candlemas on February 2nd; however the truth is that they probably wanted this feast and the feast of Purim stopped. The celebrations of the bear and the return of light continued, with bonfires and other torchlight processions. Today on our calendar we celebrate groundhogs day on February 2nd instead of Candlemas or the bears coming out of hibernation.

For more information Bear culture:

Greeks Observed All Saints Day the Sunday after Pentecost

According to a newspaper report below, the Greek’s celebrated All Saints Day the Sunday after Pentecost.  The Sunday after Pentecost is actually called Trinity Sunday.  Since the church calculates when Pentecost is observed based on when Easter is observed this date moves each year.  Trinity Sunday normally is observed close to Memorial Day which used to be called Decoration Day.  Decoration Day was a day that Christians had picnics at cemeteries and placed flowers on their markers.  It was a day they remembered their ancestors.  Many people still celebrate Decoration Day in this manner on Memorial Day.  This would be one way to honor our fathers and mothers before us.

All Saints Day Moves to May

In the year 607 AD, Phocas, a Byzantine Emperor, moved All Saints Day observance to May 13th; however one of the newspaper reports below reflect the observance was moved to May 1st.  The feast may have been moved to May 13th since the ancient Roman feast of Lemuralia or Lemuria was held that day to performed rites to purge the wicked and fearful ghosts of the dead from their homes. The unwholesome spectres of the restless dead, the lemurs or larvae were propitiated with offerings of beans. On those days, the Vestals would prepare sacred mola salsa, a salted flour cake, from the first ears of wheat of the season. I do wonder if the cakes were originally made from corn since Lemuriamay be had corn and also since Halloween has been associated with candy corn and corn balls. 

The other newspaper article mentioned above maybe referring to the Walpurgis feast that started in Germany.  Celebrated on April 30th was Walpurgis Night by the Dutch and German names, so called because it is the eve of the feast day of Saint Walpurga, an 8th-century abbess in Francia. In Germanic folklore, Walpurgisnacht, also called Hexennacht, literally "Witches' Night", is believed to be the night of a witches' meeting on the Brocken, the highest peak in the Harz Mountains, a range of wooded hills in central Germany between the rivers Weser and Elbe. The tradition was with bonfires to fence off the witches going to the Brocken is observed as Saint John's Eve. It was essentially a midsummer celebration "with witches". The current festival is, in most countries that celebrate it, named after the English missionary Saint Walpurga (c. 710–777/9). As Walpurga's feast was held on 1 May (c. 870), she became associated with May Day, especially in the Finnish and Swedish calendars.  Therefore, some of our Halloween traditions come from this feast. 

Above is a poster for a theatrical performance of Goethe's play showing Mephistopheles showing supernatural creatures on the German mountain, the Brocken (or Blocksberg), which according to the tale is the scenery for the Walpurgisnight, from 30 April to 1 May.

All Saints Day Moves to November

About 837AD, Pope Gregory IV moved the day of observance of All Saints Day to November 1st.   The Church communities then observed these days:

·         October 31st, All Hallow Eve:  they cleaned the cemetery markers
·         November 1st, All Saints Day:  Attended church services and visited the saint’s burial sites. Some churches had a procession from the church to the cemetery.  The Catholic Church required fasting on this date.
·         November 2nd, All Souls Day:  visit relatives’ burial sites and bring flowers.

All Saints Day is called ‘Day of the Dead’ in Mexico now and they follow the Roman Catholic dates for observing this day.  Mexico use to celebrate All Saints Day in the middle of August since they use to follow the Aztec calendar.  Therefore, their original date use corresponded to the Feast of Pomona. 

It is thought that the Roman Church moved All Saints Day to November 1st so that it would replace the Festival of Pomona.  Pomona was a goddess of fruitful abundance in ancient Roman religion and myth. Her name comes from the Latin word pomum, "fruit," specifically orchard fruit. Pomona was said to be a wood nymph. In the myth narrated by Ovid, she scorned the love of the woodland gods Silvanus and Picus, but married Vertumnus after he tricked her, disguised as an old woman. She and Vertumnus shared a festival held on August 13.  The pruning knife was her attribute. 

Pomona, by Nicolas Fouché, c.1700

Old Newspaper Articles regarding Halloween and All Saints Day

11/6/1848 news – All Saints Day Origin – New Orleans, Louisiana

11/1/1850 news – Hallowe’en or All Hallow’s Eve – New York

11/1/1855 news – All Hallow E’en Events – Maryland

10/31/1856 news – All Hallow Even – New York

11/1/1860 news – Scottish  Hallowe’en – Chicago, Illinois

11/17/1891 news – All Hallow Eve Myths – Ironton, Missouri

10/26/1890 news – All Hallow Eve – Fort Worth, Texas

Below is just part of the article, see column 6 for full article.

6/16/1892 news – All Saints Day in France

The Greeks celebrated it the Sunday after Pentecost.

10/25/1896 news – Hallow Eve & Mexico’s All Saints Day – Riverside, California

Column 1 is about Hallow Eve in England, Ireland & Scotland.  Below is only a portion of the article.
Column 4 is about All Saints Day at the capital in Mexico and the English tradition of ‘soul cakes’.  Below is only a portion of this article also.

11/1/1900 news – All Hallows’ Day – Kalispell, Montana

11/2/1901 news – All Saints Day – Saint Martinsville, Louisiana

11/1/1902 news – All Saints Day – Denton, Texas

11/07/1903 news – All Saints Day & Decoration Day – Saint Paul, Minneapolis

The Irish Standard

11/4/1905 news – All Saints Day – Baton Rouge, Louisiana

11/9/1906 news – All Saints Day England – Denver, Colorado

11/3/1907 news – Hallowe’en History – Riverside, California

Below is part of article, full article starts in Column 1

11/16/1907 news – All Saints Day – Williams, Arizona

10/23/1910 news – All Saints’ and All Souls’ Day – Denton, Texas

11/5/1910 news – Martin Luther on All Hallowe’en – Chapel hill, North Carolina

Martin Luther started the Protestant reformation against the doctrines and practices of the Catholic Church on Halloween.  Maybe he knew that All Hallows Eve was a time for purification.

10/31/1911 news – All Saints Day & Hallowe’en – Santa Fe, New Mexico

10/28/1912 news – Origin of Hallowe’en – Urbana, Illinois

10/23/1915 news – All Saints Day – Baton Rouge, Louisiana

10/28/1916 news – All Saints Day – Baton Rouge, Louisiana

11/4/1916 news – All Saints Day – Baton Rouge, Louisiana

10/13/1920 news – Traditions and Customs of Hallowe’en

Presbyterian of the South News
Column 1

10/31/1919 news – Hallowe’en on New Year’s Eve - Columbia, Missouri

This article agrees that Halloween use to be in February which used to be the last month of the year.

10/23/1921 news – All Saints Day


All Hallows Eve and All Saints Day definitely are of Christian origin; however not everything done on Halloween is considered Christian.  Many traditions were added as Rome moved the date of the celebration; therefore All Hallow Eve is a collection of many feast days. New traditions are being added to Halloween today that are not considered Christian. 

It appears that All Hallows Eve and All Saints Day were originally the Feast of Purim, New Year’s Eve and New Years Day celebrations and memorials.  It was a time for purification and preparation for the New Year.   The New Year use to begin in spring when the earth becomes new again with spring flowers and leaves on the trees.

The Feast of Purim and New Year’s Eve Observance Days do not all fall in February any more since Pope Gregory shifted the calendar by 12 days.  The correct date for these feasts are reflected on this page.

It would appear that the original intentions of All Hallows Eve and All Saints Day that is actually the Feast of Purim were as follows:

·         Honor your father and mother and your ancestors
·         Restoring family togetherness
·         Keep the cemeteries in good condition so that they would be prepared for Jesus’ return and the dead to be risen (lots of rural cemeteries in America could use help)
·         Prayer and asking our Heavenly Father  to forgive the sins of our ancestors
·         Honor the covenant that our Father in Heaven made with Noah to multiply
·         Keep HIS feast days
·         Keep your fire burning for Christ by reading the bible
·         A time to purify your soul and make resolutions

It appears that the Roman Catholic Church's intentions were to confuse our feast days and traditions.  Separating us from our traditions is part of the reason we forgot who we were.

Some do believe that All Saints Day was a replacement celebration for the Feast of Trumpets.  I can see the similarities.  They ring bells all night instead of blowing trumpets.  They held processions to the cemeteries that would be like a parade.   Maybe our ancestors were preparing meals for their dead and so forth to prepare for this verse to occur that night?

Therefore as we have borne the image of the earthly, let us bear also the image of the heavenly. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot possess the kingdom of God: neither shall corruption possess incorruption. Behold, I tell you a mystery. We shall all indeed rise again: but we shall not all be changed. In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet: for the trumpet  shall sound, and the dead shall rise again incorruptible: and we shall be changed.” DR 1 Corth 15:49-52

I hope you enjoyed this article; I did enjoy researching Halloween and All Saints day.  I learned a lot.   If you choose to celebrate, keep it biblical.