Tuesday, September 12, 2017

The Feast of Trumpets

Overview

The Feast of Trumpets was instituted by our Heavenly Father, Ho Theos (Greek Septuagint and New Testament name of God), when Moses received the laws.  This feast has not yet been fulfilled and will be fulfilled when Jesus returns.
This feast is held on the same day of the Fall Division festival that was instituted by Noah and is recorded in the Book of Jubilees chapter 6.  It is also the first day of the civic New Year. 

According to the laws of Moses, the Feast of Trumpets is to be held on the 1st day of the 7th month.  Depending on the exact time of the spring equinox, this feast is typically on September 18th or September 19th on our current Gregorian calendar.  On the old on the Julian calendar this feast would have been observed on September 6th or 7th which is around the day we celebrate Labor Day in America and Canada.  Just like the Feast of Trumpets, Labor Day was a day to cease from our regular labor or work.  Traditionally Labor Day includes a barbecue and a parade which is very similar to the Feast of Trumpets.

  

Exodus – Father Ho Theos Voice of the Trumpet


The first time that trumpets are mentioned our in our bible is when our Heavenly Father used the ‘voice of the trumpet’ as a signal for the Israelites to gather together and met HIM at Mount Sina.  They were told they would be hearing the trumpets on Pentecost and three days later they did hear the trumpets:

And the Lord said to Moses, Go down and solemnly charge the people, and sanctify them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash their garments. And let them be ready against the third day, for on the third day the Lord will descend upon mount Sina before all the people. And thou shalt separate the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves that ye go not up into the mountain, nor touch any part of it: every one that touches the mountain shall surely die. A hand shall not touch it, for every one that touches shall be stoned with stones or shot through with a dart, whether beast or whether man, it shall not live: when the voices and trumpets and cloud depart from off the mountain, they shall come up on the mountain. And Moses went down from the mountain to the people, and sanctified them, and they washed their clothes. And he said to the people, Be ready: for three days come not near to a woman. And it came to pass on the third day, as the morning drew nigh, there were voices and lightnings and a dark cloud on mount Sina: the voice of the trumpet sounded loud, and all the people in the camp trembled. And Moses led the people forth out of the camp to meet God, and they stood by under the camp. The mount of Sina was altogether on a smoke, because God had descended upon it in fire; and the smoke went up as the smoke of a furnace, and the people were exceedingly amazed. And the sounds of the trumpet (σάλπιγγος– war trumpet or trumpet call) were waxing very much louder. Moses spoke, and God answered him with a voice. And the Lord [Theos] came down upon mount Sina on the top of the mountain; and the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.”  Sep Exo 19:10-20  

After the 10 commandments were received the Israelites heard the voice of the trumpets again:

And all the people perceived the thundering, and the flashes, and the voice of the trumpet (σάλπιγγος– war trumpet or trumpet call), and the mountain smoking; and all the people feared and stood afar off, and said to Moses, Speak thou to us, and let not God speak to us, lest we die. And Moses says to them, Be of good courage, for God is come to you to try you, that his fear may be among you, that ye sin not.” Exo 20:18-20

Therefore our Heavenly Father used a trumpet call to signal HIS people and gather them to him.

Leviticus – Feast of Trumpets or Bugles


In Leviticus the Israelites were instructed to have a feast day where they are to remember the trumpets; however the actual Greek word used could mean a ‘military bugle’.

 “And the Lord [κύριος -Cyrios] spoke to Moses, saying, Speak to the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have a rest, a memorial of trumpets (σάλπιγγα -sálpinga- military bugle): it shall be to you a holy convocation (κλητή- klētikós - 'calling out’) [to κύριος -Cyrios]. Ye shall do no servile work, and ye shall offer a whole-burnt-offering (ολοκαύτωμα- Olokáftoma - holocaust, whole burnt) to the Lord [κύριος -Cyrios].” Sep Lev 23:23-25

The Latin Vulgate of 382 AD also reflects a holy calling out; however it reflects the use of a tuba.

“loquere filiis Israhel (obsolete spelling of Israel) mense septimo prima die mensis erit vobis sabbatum memorabile clangentibus (clanging)  tubis (plural of tuba; which is a long trumpet) et vocabitur sanctum omne opus servile non facietis in eo et offeretis holocaustum Domino.”  Latin Vulgate 23:24-25

The Israelites instructions were to not perform their normal work or labor.  They were to have a feast and where they were to do a holy calling out to κύριος Cyrios our Heavenly Father with the trumpet or military bugle.  They were to have a burnt offering which is very similar to having a barbecue. 

Numbers – Make Two Silver Trumpets or Bugles


Our Heavenly Father instructed the Israelites to make two silver trumpets (or military bugles) to be used the following purposes:

·         for calling the assembly
·         removing the camps
·         to gather at the door of the tabernacle
·         to gather the rulers of Israel together
·         to sound an alarm
·         whenever they all meet together
·         whenever they went to war
·         at the start of a new month
·         on feast days

 “And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Make to thyself two silver trumpets (σάλπιγγας - military bugles) : thou shalt make them of beaten work; and they shall be to thee for the purpose of calling the assembly, and of removing the camps.  And thou shalt sound with them, and all the congregation shall be gathered to the door of the tabernacle of witness.  And if they shall sound with one, all the rulers even the princes of Israel shall come to thee.  And ye shall sound an alarm, and the camps pitched eastward shall begin to move. And ye shall sound a second alarm, and the camps pitched southward shall move; and ye shall sound a third alarm, and the camps pitched westward shall move forward; and ye shall sound a fourth alarm, and they that encamp toward the north shall move forward: they shall sound an alarm at their departure.  And whenever ye shall gather the assembly, ye shall sound, but not an alarm.  And the priests the sons of Aaron shall sound with the trumpets; and it shall be a perpetual ordinance for you throughout your generationsAnd if ye shall go forth to war in your land against your enemies that are opposed to you, then shall ye sound with the trumpets; and ye shall be had in remembrance before the Lord, and ye shall be saved from your enemies. And in the days of your gladness, and in your feasts, and in your new moons (months), ye shall sound with the trumpets at your whole-burnt-offerings, and at the sacrifices of your peace-offerings; and there shall be a memorial for you before your God: I am the Lord your God.” Sep Num 10:1-10 


Therefore the trumpet or bugle was used as a signal and for Holy communication. 

The bugle was used in the American Revolutionary War and the Civil War to signal the troops for various reasons.  They used the bugle as commanded here in Numbers 10.


America War Bugle and Trumpet History


Here are links that reflect the history of the bugles and trumpets in America’s military history:
Bugles in the American Revolutionary War https://fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/bugle.htm
US Military Bugle Call https://youtu.be/tJLMiJoRgCA

Militia Trumpets, Bugles, & Parades


Here are old newspaper articles that reflect that the militia had trumpets and buglers that paraded.  The militia did understand the importance of the Numbers chapter 10 promises above. 



Our military has forgotten the original purpose of blowing the Trumpet!

Numbers – Feast of Trumpets/Bugles Offerings


Here in the Book of Numbers we are told what the offerings should be on the 1st day of the Seventh month which is the Feast of Trumpets according to Leviticus above.  The words ‘blowing the trumpets’ is not actually in the Greek text, this has been inserted as shown in the interlinear below.

And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, there shall be to you a holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work: it shall be to you a day of blowing the trumpets.  And ye shall offer whole-burnt-offerings for a sweet savour to the Lord, one calf of the herd, one ram, seven lambs of a year old without blemish. Their meat-offering shall be fine flour mingled with oil; three tenth deals for one calf, and two tenth deals for one ram: a tenth deal for each several ram, for the seven lambs.  And one kid of the goats for a sin-offering, to make atonement for you.  Beside the whole-burnt-offerings for the new moon [month], and their meat-offerings, and their drink-offerings, and their perpetual whole-burnt-offering; and their meat-offerings and their drink-offerings according to their ordinance for a sweet-smelling savour to the Lord.” Sep Num 29:1-6

Above and below the Greek word νουμηνίας  was translated to the word ‘new moon’.  The root word is actually μηνίας which means month.  The Greek word "σελήνη - selḗnē" which means moon is not shown in the actual text.    Therefore the text actually should say ‘new month’.



In verse one above, the Greek word "σημασίας - sēmasíā" means to give a command or signal.   The Greek root word is “σημαία - simaía” which means flag, banner or symbol.  The root word can be further identified as "σῆμᾰ - sêma"  means a mark, sign or token that can be used to verify someone’s identity.   Therefore, this could be interrupted as a day to signal our Father Cyrios with trumpets, bugles, and banners.  This sounds like a parade where they carry banners and flags and play instruments.


1944 US Army Band  Carrying their banners and playing trumpets & bugles.

 The Latin version is very close to the original Greek version.  The Latin words further clarify that it is a celebration of a new month and not new moon.

Mensis (month) etiam septimi (from septem meaning seven) prima dies (day or daytime) venerabilis (worship or reverence)et sancta erit vobis omne opus servile non facietis in ea quia dies clangoris (clang, blast or sound) est et tubarum (tuba) offeretisque holocaustum in odorem suavissimum Domino vitulum (bull calf) de Armento (herd of cattle) unum (one) arietem (aries or battering ram) unum agnos anniculos inmaculatos septem et in sacrificiis eorum similae oleo conspersae tres decimas per singulos vitulos duas decimas per arietem (aries) unam decimam per agnum qui simul sunt agni septem (VII or seven) et hircum pro peccato qui offertur in expiationem populi praeter holocaustum kalendarum (pural of kalenda or calendar) (reference to first day)cum sacrificiis suis et holocaustum sempiternum cum libationibus solitis hisdem caerimoniis offeretis in odorem suavissimum incensum Domino.”  Latin Vulgate Num 29:1-6

The food offering prepared that day for the Feast of Trumpets was:
Number of
Offering
Flour Portion
1
Bull calf (male)
3/10
1
Ram (male sheep)
2/10
7
Lambs a year old without blemish
1/10 each for a total of 7/10
1
He goat for sin offering
none

Most feast days require 7 lambs a year old each; this might represent one lamb for every thousand years since Adam was formed until Jesus’ return.

The laws below apply to all feast days:

“And no offerings for sin, of whose blood there shall be brought any into the tabernacle of witness to make atonement in the holy place, shall be eaten: they shall be burned with fire.” Sep Lev 6:30 

“Every one that eats fat off the beasts, from which he will bring a burnt-offering to the Lord--that soul shall perish from his people.” Sep Lev 7:15 

At every feast, whole burnt offerings were to include wine as drink-offering.  A hin is about a half of a quart.

Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them, When ye are come into the land of your habitation, which I give to you, and thou wilt offer whole-burnt-offerings to the Lord, a whole-burnt-offering or a meat-offering to perform a vow, or a free-will offering, or to offer in your feasts a sacrifice of sweet savour to the Lord, whether of the herd or the flock:  then he that offers his gift to the Lord shall bring a meat-offering of fine flour, a tenth part of an ephah mingled with oil, even with the fourth part of a hin. And for a drink-offering ye shall offer the fourth part of a hin on the whole-burnt-offering, or on the meat-offering: for every lamb thou shalt offer so much, as a sacrifice, a smell of sweet savour to the Lord. And for a ram, when ye offer it as a whole-burnt-offering or as a sacrifice, thou shalt prepare as a meat-offering two tenths of fine flour mingled with oil, the third part of a hin. And ye shall offer for a smell of sweet savour to the Lord wine for a drink-offering, the third part of a hin. And if ye sacrifice a bullock from the herd for a whole-burnt-offering or for a sacrifice, to perform a vow or a peace-offering to the Lord, then the worshipper shall offer upon the calf a meat-offering, three tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, even the half of a hin. And wine for a drink-offering the half of a hin, a sacrifice for a smell of sweet savour to the Lord.” Sep Num 15:2-10

In addition to the Feast of Trumpets offering they were required to provide a new month offerings, as follows:

And at the new moons [months]  ye shall bring a whole-burnt-offering to the Lord, two calves of the herd, and one ram, seven lambs of a year old without blemish.  Three tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil for one calf, and two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil for one ram. A tenth deal of fine flour mingled with oil for each lamb, as a meat-offering, a sweet-smelling savour, a burnt-offering to the Lord.  Their drink-offering shall be the half of a hin for one calf; and the third of a hin for one ram; and the fourth part of a hin of wine for one lamb: this is the whole-burnt-offering monthly throughout the months of the year.   And he shall offer one kid of the goats for a sin-offering to the Lord; it shall be offered beside the continual whole-burnt-offering and its drink-offering.” Sep Num 28:11-15

Therefore the Feast of Trumpets would be day to gather and have a very large barbecue, with grain (corn), oil and wine.

Joshua - The Fall of Jericho with Trumpets or Bugles


The story of the fall of Jericho is similar to the seven trumps of Revelation.   Our Heavenly Father explains here how to win the city.  Instead of seven angels in the Revelation it is seven priests that blow the trumpets.  Trumpets used in the fall of Jericho were actually holy σάλπιγγα - sálpinga which might actually be military bugles.  On the seventh day of blowing the trumpets the walls of Jericho fell.

Now Jericho was closely shut up and besieged, and none went out of it, and none came in. And the Lord said to Joshua, Behold, I deliver Jericho into thy power, and its king in it, and its mighty men.  And do thou set the men of war round about it. And it shall be that when ye shall sound with the trumpet [bugles], all the people shall shout together. And when they have shouted, the walls of the city shall fall of themselves; and all the people shall enter, each one rushing direct into the city. And Joshua the son of Naue went in to the priests, and spoke to them, saying, And let seven priests having seven sacred trumpets [bugles] proceed thus before the Lord, and let them sound loudly; and let the ark of the covenant of the Lord follow. Charge the people to go round, and encompass the city; and let your men of war pass on armed before the Lord. And let the men of war proceed before, and the priests bringing up the rear behind the ark of the covenant of the Lord proceed sounding the trumpets [bugles]. And Joshua commanded the people, saying, Cry not out, nor let any one hear your voice, until he himself declare to you the time to cry out, and then ye shall cry out. And the ark of the covenant of God having gone round immediately returned into the camp, and lodged there. And on the second day Joshua rose up in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of the covenant of the Lord. And the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets went on before the Lord; and afterwards the men of war went on, and the remainder of the multitude went after the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and the priests sounded with the trumpets. And all the rest of the multitude compassed the city six times from within a short distance, and went back again into the camp; this they did six days. And on the seventh day they rose up early, and compassed the city on that day seven times. And it came to pass at the seventh circuit the priests blew the trumpets; and Joshua said to the children of Israel, Shout, for the Lord has given you the city. And the city shall be devoted, it and all things that are in it, to the Lord of Hosts: only do ye save Raab the harlot, and all things in her house. But keep yourselves strictly from the accursed thing, lest ye set your mind upon and take of the accursed thing, and ye make the camp of the children of Israel and accursed thing, and destroy us. And all the silver, or gold, or brass, or iron, shall be holy to the Lord; it shall be carried into the treasury of the Lord. And the priests sounded with the trumpets: and when the people heard the trumpets, all the people shouted at once with a loud and strong shout; and all the wall fell round about, and all the people went up into the city: and Joshua devoted it to destruction, and all things that were in the city, man and woman, young man and old, and calf and ass, with the edge of the sword. And Joshua said to the two young men who had acted a spies, Go into the house of the woman, and bring her out thence, and all that she has. And the two young men who had spied out the city entered into the house of the woman, and brought out Raab the harlot, and her father, and her mother, and her brethren, and her kindred, and all that she had; and they set her without the camp of Israel. And the city was burnt with fire with all things that were in it; only of the silver, and gold, and brass, and iron, they gave to be brought into the treasury of the Lord. Sep Jos 6:1-24



Therefore we are to blow trumpets or bugles at a time of war to signal our Father, Ho Theos, to our aid against our enemies.


Sound the Trumpet for a new king of Israel


The House of Israel and Judah has had a long standing tradition of blowing the trumpet for a new king to be anointed.  At King Solomon’s coronation, the trumpet was blown:

 “And there let Sadoc the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him to be king over Israel, and do ye sound the trumpet, and ye shall say, Let king Solomon live. And he shall sit upon my throne, and reign in my stead: and I have given charge that he should be for a prince over Israel and Juda. And Banaeas the son of Jodae answered the king and said, So let it be: may the Lord God of my lord the king confirm it. As the Lord was with my lord the king, so let him be with Solomon, and let him exalt his throne beyond the throne of my lord king David. And Sadoc the priest went down, and Nathan the prophet, and Banaeas son of Jodae, and the Cherethite, and the Phelethite, and they mounted Solomon upon the mule of king David, and led him away to Gion. And Sadoc the priest took the horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon, and blew the trumpet; and all the people said, Let king Solomon live.” 1Kings 1:34-39

When Queen Elizabeth was anointed Queen they continued the tradition and blew the trumpets.  They played the song Holst Jupiter.




When Jesus returns and formally takes HIS place as our High Priest and King the Trumpets will sound loudly to make this announcement.

Isaiah –A Trumpet or Bugle Call to Gather HIS People to Holy Salem


Prophecy shows below that HIS elect will know to blow the trumpet and go to HIS holy mountain in Jerusalem (Hierosalem -Holy Salem).

And it shall come to pass in that day that God shall fence men off from the channel of the river as far as Rhinocorura; but do ye gather one by one the children of Israel. And it shall come to pass in that day that they shall blow the great trumpet, and the lost ones in the land of the Assyrians shall come, and the lost ones in Egypt, and shall worship the Lord on the holy mountain in Jerusalem.” Sep Isa 27:12-13 


A trumpet or bugle will be used to call HIS people to the Holy Mountain where Holy Salem is located.

Ezekiel – Sound the Bugle the Day of Wrath is Coming


Below Ezekiel is prophesying about the upcoming day of wrath or judgement.  Ezekiel states that the bugles should be blown in order to signal our Father, Ho Theos so that HE will save them.  Ezekiel is reminding Israel of the promise made in Numbers chapter 10 regarding the use of the bugle.

 “Sound ye the trumpet (σάλπιγγα-sálpinga, military bugle) and pass sentence on all together. There shall be war with the sword without, and famine and pestilence within: he that is in the field shall die by the sword; and famine and pestilence shall destroy them that are in the city. But they that escape of them shall be delivered, and shall be upon the mountains: and I will slay all the rest, every one for his iniquities.” Sep Eze 7:14-16 


Remember to blow the trumpet at times of war so that you will have our Heavenly Father’s protection.

Zephaniah – Ho Theos Sounds the Trumpet of Judgement


Zephaniah prophesies about the day of the war-trumpet which will be judgment against the house of Israel in the strong cities and the high towers.  Zephaniah is also referring to the same trumpets of Revelation chapter 11.  It will be a day of judgement and wrath against the house of Israel because of their sin.  Since they agreed to follow the laws of Moses, they will be judged first.

For the great day of the Lord is near, it is near, and very speedy; the sound of the day of the Lord is made bitter and harsh. A mighty day of wrath is that day, a day of affliction and distress, a day of desolation and destruction, a day of gloominess and darkness, a day of cloud and vapour, a day of the trumpet (σάλπιγγος-sálpinx, war-trumpet) and cry against the strong cities, and against the high towers. And I will greatly afflict the men, and they shall walk as blind men, because they have sinned against the Lord; therefore he shall pour out their blood as dust, and their flesh as dung. And their silver and their gold shall in nowise be able to rescue them in the day of the Lord's wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealously; for he will bring a speedy destruction on all them that inhabit the land.” Sep Zep 1:14-18



Zacharias – Our Father Ho Theos Blows the Bugle


Zacharias also prophecies regarding the use of a trumpet; however this is our Heavenly Father blowing the military bugle and protecting the house of Israel against their enemies.

And the Lord shall be over them, and his arrow shall go forth as lightning: and the Lord Almighty shall blow with the trumpet (σάλπιγγα-sálpinga, military bugle) and shall proceed with the tumult of his threatening. The Lord Almighty shall protect them, and they shall destroy them, and overwhelm them with sling-stones; and they shall swallow them down as wine, and fill the bowls as the altar. And the Lord their God shall save them in that day, even his people as a flock; for holy stones are rolled upon his land. For if he has anything good, and if he has anything fair, the young men shall have corn, and there shall be fragrant wine to the virgins.”  Sep Zec 9:14-17


The Gospel of Matthew – Trumpet to Gather HIS Elect


Matthew explains that after the great tribulation, Jesus will manifest himself to us in the cloud.  After the Exodus, Ho Theos manifested himself as a cloud by day to lead the Israelites to safety and this maybe the way HE manifests himself again (Exodus 13:21).  When HE manifests himself to us, the angels will sound the war-trumpet as a signal to HIS elect that HE is here on earth with us.

For there shall be then great tribulation, such as hath not been from the beginning of the world until now, neither shall be. And unless those days had been shortened, no flesh should be saved: but for the sake of the elect those days shall be shortened. Then if any man shall say to you: Lo here is Christ, or there, do not believe him. For there shall arise false Christs and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders, insomuch as to deceive (if possible) even the elect. Behold I have told it to you, beforehand. If therefore they shall say to you: Behold he is in the desert, go ye not out: Behold he is in the closets, believe it not. For as lightning cometh out of the east, and appeareth even into the west: so shall the coming of the Son of man be. Wheresoever the body shall be, there shall the eagles also be gathered together. And immediately after the tribulation of those days, the sun shall be darkened and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of heaven shall be moved: And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all tribes of the earth mourn: and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with much power and majesty.  And he shall send his angels with a trumpet (σάλπιγγος-sálpinx, war-trumpet), and a great voice: and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the farthest parts of the heavens to the utmost bounds of them.”  DR Matthew 24:21-31

The Apostle Paul’s Letters – Bugle Sound to Raise the Dead

In Paul’s letters to the Corinthians and the Thessalonians he explains that a military bugle will sound and the dead in Christ (anointed ones) will raise first.

Therefore as we have borne the image of the earthly, let us bear also the image of the heavenly. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot possess the kingdom of God: neither shall corruption possess incorruption. Behold, I tell you a mystery. We shall all indeed rise again: but we shall not all be changed. In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet: for the trumpet (σάλπιγγα-sálpinga, military bugle)  shall sound, and the dead shall rise again incorruptible: and we shall be changed.” DR 1 Corth 15:49-52

For the Lord himself shall come down from heaven with commandment, and with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet (σάλπιγγα-sálpinga, military bugle) of God: and the dead who are in Christ, shall rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, shall be taken up together with them in the clouds to meet Christ, into the air, and so shall we be always with the Lord.” 1 Thes 4:15-16

Revelation – Jesus’ Voice like a Trumpet


When John received the ‘revelation’ from Jesus, he said HIS voice was like a trumpet:

“I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet (σάλπιγγος-sálpinx, war-trumpet) saying, "Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea."  Rev 1:10

Revelation’s War Trumpets

The angels blow trumpets of judgement against HIS people because they did not follow the laws of Moses which would have protected them.  A lot of people have lots of different opinions on these trumps of judgement; therefore I will not comment on them all since I’m not writing about this subject.  Each of these trumpets is blown at the start of each judgement of the house of Israel.

“When the Lamb opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. Then I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.  And another angel came and stood at the altar with a golden censer, and he was given much incense to offer with the prayers of all the saints on the golden altar before the throne, and the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, rose before God from the hand of the angel.  Then the angel took the censer and filled it with fire from the altar and threw it on the earth, and there were peals of thunder, rumblings, flashes of lightning, and an earthquake.  Now the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared to blow them.” Rev 8:1-6

“The first angel blew his trumpet, and there followed hail and fire, mixed with blood, and these were thrown upon the earth. And a third of the earth was burned up, and a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was burned up.” Rev 8:7

“The second angel blew his trumpet, and something like a great mountain, burning with fire, was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood.  A third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.” Rev 8:8-9

“The third angel blew his trumpet, and a great star fell from heaven, blazing like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water. 11 The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many people died from the water, because it had been made bitter.” Rev 8:10 (Note:  most of our water is not of good quality today.)

“The fourth angel blew his trumpet, and a third of the sun was struck, and a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of their light might be darkened, and a third of the day might be kept from shining, and likewise a third of the night. Then I looked, and I heard an eagle crying with a loud voice as it flew directly overhead, "Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth, at the blasts of the other trumpets that the three angels are about to blow!"  Rev 8:12-13

“And the fifth angel blew his trumpet, and I saw a star fallen from heaven to earth, and he was given the key to the shaft of the bottomless (“depth of the sea”) pit (well of water).” Rev9:1

“Then the sixth angel blew his trumpet, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar before God, saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates." So the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour, the day, the month, and the year, were released to kill a third of mankind.” Rev 9:13-15

“Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever."  And the twenty- four elders who sit on their thrones before God fell on their faces and worshiped God,  saying, "We give thanks to you, Lord God Almighty,  who is and who was, for you have taken your great power and begun to reign.   The nations raged, but your wrath came, and the time for the dead to be judged, and for rewarding your servants, the prophets and saints, and those who fear your name, both small and great, and for destroying the destroyers of the earth."  Then God's temple in heaven was opened, and the ark of his covenant was seen within his temple. There were flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake, and heavy hail.” Rev 11:15-19

The first six trumpets are Judgement against HIS remnant that are called by HIS name - Christian meaning the anointed ones.

The Seventh and Final Trumpet is when the dead Christians will be judged and rewarded for their deeds.  Be ready at the sound of the last trump and be sure you have repented of sin.

Conclusion

Ho Theos wants us to remember the trumpets.  He gave us the law of the trumpets and bugles in Numbers chapter 10 for our safety and defense.  He gave us the Feast of Trumpets day to observe so that we would remember the trumpets and so that we would be remembering to listen for the last trump.  These trumpets and bugles are war instruments to be used to signal our Father, Ho Theos for help.  The last trump will signal HIS remnant that is alive to be ready for the Day of Atonement when they must humble themselves and ask for repentance.


Thursday, August 10, 2017

The Sabbath Day of Rest

Overview


The seventh day of the week is the Sabbath Day of rest according to the laws of MosesThe fourth commandment tells us to keep the Sabbath Day Holy.  The Israelites were told that their keeping of this commandment was a sign of being HIS chosen people.  Therefore the descendants of the 12 Tribes of Israel are the people who are required to keep the Sabbath day laws as a sign that they are honoring the laws of Moses.


The first time the Sabbath day is mentioned is in Genesis chapter 2 and it is referred to as the seventh day.  Here we are told that God rested on the seventh day and this sets an example for us to follow:

 “And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made: and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. And he blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.”  Sep Genesis 2:2-3


The English word ‘rest’ is translated from the Greek word ‘κατέπαυσε’ (katapauó) which means to cease labor and rest.

The English word ‘sanctifiedmeans to declare something holy.  The word ‘holy’ means that it is to be kept set apart or dedicated for a specific purpose; therefore the seventh day is to be dedicated to rest.

The Sabbath in Exodus

After the Israelites’ exodus from Egypt, our Heavenly Father worked with HIS chosen people for 40 years teaching them how to follow the laws HE gave to Moses.   The first time that the Sabbath day is mentioned is prior to the Israelites receiving the 10 Commandments.   In this verse the Israelites are told that they must prepare all their food for the Sabbath day on the sixth day since they must rest on the seventh day which is the Sabbath day of rest.

And Moses said to them, Is not this the word which the Lord ((Κύριος - Cyrios)spoke? To-morrow is the Sabbath (σάββατον - sábbaton), a holy rest (ἀνάπαυσις - anapausis)  to the Lord (κυρίῳ - kyriō) bake that ye will bake, and seethe that ye will seethe, and all that is over leave to be laid by for the morrow.”  Sep Exo 16:23


The very next day, on the seventh day, they are again reminded they must do all their work of gathering manna and preparing their food during the first sixth days of the week.  They are further instructed that they are not to leave their homes on the seventh day. Notice that the Sabbath day is to be considered a gift from our Heavenly Father.

And they left of it till the morning, as Moses commanded them; and it stank not, neither was there a worm in it. And Moses said, Eat that to-day, for to-day is a sabbath to the Lord: it shall not be found in the plain. Six days ye shall gather it, and on the seventh day is a sabbath, for there shall be none on that day. And it came to pass on the seventh day that some of the people went forth to gather, and found none. And the Lord said to Moses, How long are ye unwilling to hearken to my commands and my law?  See, for the Lord has given you this day as the sabbath, therefore he has given you on the sixth day the bread of two days: ye shall sit each of you in your houses; let no one go forth from his place on the seventh day. And the people kept sabbath on the seventh day.” Sep Exo 16:24-30

The next time we are given instructions for the Sabbath day of rest is when our Supreme Heavenly Father gives Moses the 10 Commandments.  Here we are told that all laborious work must be performed the first six days of the week and that no one in your home is to perform any type of work.  This means to me that all of the stores should be closed on this day since no one can perform work.  We are to conduct no business at all.

Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days thou shalt labour, and shalt perform all thy work. But on the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God; on it thou shalt do no work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy servant nor thy maidservant, thine ox nor thine ass, nor any cattle of thine, nor the stranger that sojourns with thee. For in six days the Lord made the heaven and the earth, and the sea and all things in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it [made holy]. Exo 20:8-11

The 10 Commandments are all high level instruction that have lower level laws that explain how to fully keep each commandment.  In the verses below we are given further instructions that the Sabbath day laws are to be kept by the 12 Tribes descendants forever.  We are also told that if any one violates this law they will be put to death.  We all do know that we will all die; therefore it might be a referenced to the second death explained in the book of Revelation.  If so, the second death is permanent so it is important to repent if you have been breaking this law.  Our Supreme Father states that following this commandment or law is a sign of being HIS chosen people.

Do thou also charge the children of Israel, saying, Take heed and keep my sabbaths; for they are a sign with me and among you throughout your generations, that ye may know that I am the Lord that sanctifies you. And ye shall keep the sabbaths, because this is holy to the Lord for you; he that profanes it shall surely be put to death: every one who shall do a work on it, that soul [(ψῡ́χω - psū́khō - I blow)shall be destroyed from the midst of his people. Six days thou shalt do works, but the seventh day is the sabbath, a holy rest to the Lord; every one who shall do a work on the seventh day shall be put to death. And the children of Israel shall keep the sabbaths, to observe them throughout their generations. It is a perpetual covenant with me and the children of Israel, it is a perpetual sign (σημεῖον - sēmeîon) with me; for in six days the Lord made the heaven and the earth, and on the seventh day he ceased, and rested.” Exo 31:13-17 



The Greek word "ψῡ́χω - psū́khō" that was translated to the English word soul means the state of being alive and the immortal part of a person. 

The Greek word σημεῖον – sēmeîon” which comes from the root word "σῆμᾰ - sêma"  means a mark, sign or token that can be used to verify someone’s identity.

Further along in Exodus we are reminded that all work must be performed the first six days of the week and anyone performing work on the Sabbath will die.  We are also told that we are not to have any fire burning in our dwellings; meaning we are to be at home and we are not to cook or bake.  All meals should be prepared before the seventh day.

Six days shalt thou perform works, but on the seventh day shall be rest--a holy Sabbath--a rest for the Lord: every one that does work on it, let him die. Ye shall not burn a fire in any of your dwellings on the sabbath-day; I am the Lord.”  Sep Exo 35:2-3



The Sabbath in Leviticus

The book of Leviticus repeats that the Sabbath day is a holy day of rest and that no work is to be done and this ordinance is to be observed forever.  They are told that everyone in the home must observe this law.

“Six days shalt thou do works, but on the seventh day is the sabbath; a rest, a holy convocation to the Lord: thou shalt not do any work, it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings.” Sep Lev 23:3 



The English word ‘convocation’ is translated from the Greek root word ‘klétos’ which refers to the people that are ‘called out’, ‘invited’ or ‘chosen’ by our Supreme Father in Heaven. 

The Sabbath in the Book of Numbers

While the Israelites were camping in the wilderness they found a man violating the Sabbath day law and our Supreme Heavenly Father gave the Israelites permission to stone the man to death according to the law.  This is important since within the 10 commandment there is another law stating ‘thou shalt not murder’. Since the Israelites were finally free of their slavery and now again able to keep the Sabbath day holy, they wanted to ensure the day stayed holy and was a day of rest.  All the Israelites had been told not to perform work on the Sabbath day and the penalty is death; therefore the penalty was carried out. 

And the children of Israel were in the wilderness, and they found a man gathering sticks on the sabbath-day.  And they who found him gathering sticks on the sabbath-day brought him to Moses and Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel.  And they placed him in custody, for they did not determine what they should do to him.  And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Let the man be by all means put to death: do ye all the congregation, stone him with stones.  And all the congregation brought him forth out of the camp; and all the congregation stoned him with stones outside the camp, as the Lord commanded Moses.”  Sep Num 15:32-36


The Israelites did think it was critical that the penalty of this law be fulfilled.  If one man breaks this law, then others may think they have permission to also break the law and they did not want this attitude towards the Sabbath day in the camp.  Since our ancestors did not keep this law we now have many Sabbath day law breakers amongst us which makes it hard for the rest of us to follow the Sabbath day law.  This law is still in force since it has not all been fulfilled.  Many laws are not yet fulfilled including the fall feast days.

Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled. He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.”  DR Mat 5:17-19

The Sabbath in Deuteronomy

It is recorded in the book of Deuteronomy that Moses gathered all of the Israelites together to give them the commandments and laws.  It is also recorded in this book that they agreed to follow the laws by saying ‘amen’.    Here is where they are told the Sabbath day law once more:

Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God commanded thee. Six days thou shalt work, and thou shalt do all thy works;  but on the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: thou shalt do in it no work, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, thy man-servant, and thy maid-servant, thine ox, and thine ass, and all thy cattle, and the stranger that sojourns in the midst of thee; that thy man-servant may rest, and thy maid, and thine ox, as well as thou. And thou shalt remember that thou wast a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord thy God brought thee out thence with a mighty hand, and a high arm: therefore the Lord appointed thee to keep the sabbath day and to sanctify it.” Sep Deu 5:12-15

Notice that our Supreme Heavenly Father appointed us to keep the Sabbath day holy.  HE said it was our responsibility.   


Notice in the above translation states that HE gave the orders to guard the Sabbath day and sanctify it .  Therefore it was our sole responsibility to keep the day holy and set apart for rest.  He reminds them that they were slaves in Egypt because when they were slaves they were not able to keep the Sabbath day holy – just like today!

The Sabbath in Nehemiah

The book of Nehemiah records that the Prophet Nehemiah found that the Sabbath day laws were being violated in Jerusalem.  So he took measures to prevent continued violations.  He had the gates of Jerusalem shut so that no business could occur on the Sabbath day.  This also means that no one could come to Jerusalem on the Sabbath for any type of assembly that day.  This proves that the Prophet Nehemiah understood that the Sabbath day was a day of rest and no work.  

 “In those days I saw in Juda men treading wine-presses on the sabbath, and carrying sheaves, and loading asses with both wine, and grapes, and figs, and every kind of burden, and bringing them into Jerusalem on the sabbath-day: and I testified in the day of their sale. Also their dwelt in it men bringing fish, and selling every kind of merchandise to the children of Juda and in Jerusalem on the sabbath. And I strove with the free children of Juda, and said to them, What is this evil thing which ye do, and profane the sabbath-day?  Did not your fathers thus, and our God brought upon them and upon us and upon this city all these evils? and do ye bring additional wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath? And it came to pass, when the gates were set up in Jerusalem, before the sabbath, that I spoke, and they shut the gates; and I gave orders that they should not be opened till after the sabbath: and I set some of my servants at the gates, that none should bring in burdens on the sabbath-day. So all the merchants lodged, and carried on traffic without Jerusalem once or twice. Then I testified against them, and said to them, Why do ye lodge in front of the wall? if ye do so again, I will stretch out my hand upon you. From that time they came not on the sabbath.”  Sep Neh 13:15-21


King David & the Holy Bread

In the New Testament Jesus refers back to this story regarding King David on the Sabbath day.  Therefore, we will review what King David did on the Sabbath day. 
King David requested bread for his servants, however, there was only holy shewbread for the Sabbath available and King David told Priest Abimelech that is would be okay for his servants to eat the holy bread.

And David comes to Nomba to Abimelech the priest: and Abimelech was amazed at meeting him, and said to him, Why art thou alone, and nobody with thee? And David said to the priest, The king gave me a to-day, and said to me, Let no one know the matter on which I send thee, an concerning which I have charged thee: and I have charged my servants to be in the place that is called, The faithfulness of God, phellani maemoni. And now if there are under thy hand five loaves, give into my hand what is ready. And the priest answered David, and said, There are no common loaves under my hand, for I have none but holy loaves: if the young men have been kept at least from women, then they shall eat them. And David answered the priest, and said to him, Yea, we have been kept from women for three days: when I came forth for the journey all the young men were purified; but this expedition is unclean, wherefore it shall be sanctified this day because of my weapons. So Abimelech the priest gave him the shewbread; for there were no loaves there, but only the presence loaves which had been removed from the presence of the Lord, in order that hot bread should be set on, on the day on which he took them.” Sep 1 Samuel 21:1-6 

King David did explain that his servants had been kept from women and they were purified.  This is important since they had to be purified in order to eat the holy bread.  This is the law that King David and the priest are following:

And the Lord said to Moses, Go down and solemnly charge the people, and sanctify them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash their garments. And let them be ready against the third day, for on the third day the Lord will descend upon mount Sina before all the people. And thou shalt separate the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves that ye go not up into the mountain, nor touch any part of it: every one that touches the mountain shall surely die. A hand shall not touch it, for every one that touches shall be stoned with stones or shot through with a dart, whether beast or whether man, it shall not live: when the voices and trumpets and cloud depart from off the mountain, they shall come up on the mountain. And Moses went down from the mountain to the people, and sanctified them, and they washed their clothes. And he said to the people, Be ready: for three days come not near to a woman.” Exo 19:10-15

Here is the law that required the making of the holy bread for the Sabbath day which stated this bread was for Aaron and his sons that were priests:

And ye shall take fine flour, and make of it twelve loaves; each loaf shall be of two tenth parts. And ye shall put them in two rows, each row containing six loaves, on the pure table before the Lord. And ye shall put on each row pure frankincense and salt; and these things shall be for loaves for a memorial, set forth before the Lord. On the sabbath-day they shall be set forth before the Lord continually before the children of Israel, for an everlasting covenant. And they shall be for Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat them in the holy place: for this is their most holy portion of the offerings made to the Lord, a perpetual statute.” Sep Lev 24:5-9

This law explains that only Aaron and his sons could eat the holy shewbread:

And no stranger shall eat the holy things: one that sojourns with a priest, or a hireling, shall not eat the holy things. But if a priest should have a soul purchased for money, he shall eat of his bread; and they that are born in his house, they also shall eat of his bread.” Lev 22:10-11

Therefore, even though the men had followed the purification laws, they were still not able to lawfully eat the shewbread.

The Sabbath in Maccabees

About 200 years prior to the birth of Jesus Christ, king Antiochus who ruled over Judea, put forth that the Israelites should profane the Sabbath day which means they should be required to perform work and physical labor on the Sabbath day.

Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom, that all should be one people, And every one should leave his laws: so all the heathen agreed according to the commandment of the king. Yea, many also of the Israelites consented to his religion, and sacrificed unto idols, and profaned the sabbath. For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and the cities of Juda that they should follow the strange laws of the land, And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice, and drink offerings, in the temple; and that they should profane the sabbaths and festival days: And pollute the sanctuary and holy people: Set up altars, and groves, and chapels of idols, and sacrifice swine's flesh, and unclean beasts: That they should also leave their children uncircumcised, and make their souls abominable with all manner of uncleanness and profanation: To the end they might forget the law, and change all the ordinances. 1Maccabees 1:41-49 

This was the start of the Israelites losing their freedom to observe the Sabbath. Next they started be attacked on the Sabbath day and because it was the Sabbath day the Israelites did not fight back. Many were losing their lives since they would not fight back when attacked on the Sabbath day even though the laws of Moses said they could put someone to death for not following the Sabbath day laws.

Now when it was told the king's servants, and the host that was at Jerusalem, in the city of David, that certain men, who had broken the king's commandment, were gone down into the secret places in the wilderness, They pursued after them a great number, and having overtaken them, they camped against them, and made war against them on the sabbath day. And they said unto them, Let that which ye have done hitherto suffice; come forth, and do according to the commandment of the king, and ye shall live. But they said, We will not come forth, neither will we do the king's commandment, to profane the sabbath day. So then they gave them the battle with all speed. Howbeit they answered them not, neither cast they a stone at them, nor stopped the places where they lay hid; But said, Let us die all in our innocency: heaven and earth will testify for us, that ye put us to death wrongfully. So they rose up against them in battle on the sabbath, and they slew them, with their wives and children and their cattle, to the number of a thousand people. 1Ma 2:31-38 

By the time of 2nd Maccabees it was totally unlawful to keep the Sabbath day holy.

Neither was it lawful for a man to keep sabbath days or ancient fasts, or to profess himself at all to be a Judean. 2 Mac 6:6 

The Israelites were secretly observing the Sabbath day and were killed for that act:

And others, that had run together into caves near by, to keep the sabbath day secretly, being discovered by Philip, were all burnt together, because they made a conscience to help themselves for the honour of the most sacred day. 2 Mac 6:11 

The Israelites should have united against their attackers and protected themselves.  They should have been punishing the people that were violating the Sabbath day laws all along so that they did not get themselves in this situation.  It was their responsibility to keep the day holy.

Jesus & the Sabbath Day

Jesus explains in the gospel of Matthew that the Son of man (Adam) has the authority to take care of his physically needs on the Sabbath. That would include his need for food, protection and safety.

At that time Jesus went on the sabbath through the cornfields; and his disciples were hungry, and began to pluck the ears and to eat. But the Pharisees, seeing [it], said to him, Behold, thy disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on sabbath. But he said to them, Have ye not read what David did when he was hungry, and they that were with him? How he entered into the house of God, and ate the shewbread, which it was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those with him, but for the priests only? Or have ye not read in the law that on the sabbaths the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
But I say unto you, that there is here what is greater than the temple. But if ye had known what is: I will have mercy and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless. For the Son of man is Lord
[Greek kurios: master, supreme of authority] of the sabbath. And, going away from thence, he came into their synagogue. And behold, there was a man having his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath? that they might accuse him. But he said to them, What man shall there be of you who has one sheep, and if this fall into a pit on the sabbath, will not lay hold of it and raise [it] up? How much better then is a man than a sheep! So that it is lawful to do well on the sabbath. Then he says to the man, Stretch out thy hand. And he stretched [it] out, and it was restored sound as the other.”  Darby’s Matthew 12:1-13

“And he said to them, The sabbath was made on account of man, not man on account of the sabbath; so that the Son of man is lord of the sabbath also.”  Darby’s Mark 2:27

Therefore we are told that the Sabbath was a gift made for us and the Israelites have complete authority on the Sabbath day.  Since the Israelites have the authority on the Sabbath day they have the authority to feed someone hungry, help in an emergency, and protect ourselves.  The Sabbath day laws were not put in place to be a hindrance towards true brotherly love and charity.  On the other hand though we do have the right to say no to helping a people that are not following the laws deliberately and therefore deliberately putting themselves at need on the Sabbath day.  Our Supreme Heavenly Father gave us this day for rest and we have the right to rest.

Paul’s Letter to the Hebrews

The apostle Paul wrote the letter to the Hebrews after Christ was crucified where he referred to the Sabbath day as a day of rest.  Paul was making a point that it is still important to follow the laws of Moses regarding the Sabbath day.

 “There remaineth therefore a sabbath rest for the people of God. For he that is entered into his rest hath himself also rested from his works, as God did from his. Let us therefore give diligence to enter into that rest, that no man fall after the same example of disobedience”. Hebrews 4:9-11

The Sabbath Day of the Week


Most people today believe that Sunday is the Sabbath day; however, if you use the currently named days of the week the Sabbath day is Saturday which is the seventh day.  Church day is on Sunday in order to not violate the Sabbath day law.  It is said that Sunday became ‘the Lord’s day’ because Jesus rose on the first day of the week:

And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared. And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre. And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.”  Luke 24:1-2

Some people believe that the seven day cycle of the week has never been broken; therefore Saturday is still the seventh day in an unbroken cycle.

Some people do use the Solar Calendar described in Enoch to determine the Sabbath day; therefore their Sabbath day changes each year.   Enoch’s calendar does ensure that a feast day does not fall on a Sabbath day of rest which would be a conflict – you cannot both rest and prepare a feast day celebration.

Please pray and look for direction from our Heavenly Father as to which Sabbath day you should observe.  

Conclusion

Our Supreme Father in Heaven gave us this day of rest and it is up to us whether we can keep it holy. Today it is very hard to keep the Sabbath day holy when business is conducted seven days a week in our communities.  When I was young most businesses were closed on Sunday to protect the Sabbath day and today most businesses are open every day.  Plus others in your home may feel the need to work on household projects on the Sabbath day and make you feel guilty for not helping.  Just remember though that we were given the right to rest on the Sabbath day and it is a sign of being HIS chosen people.  Resting on this day shows HIM that you do believe you are one of HIS people that have been ‘called out’ to know the truth and obey HIS laws.

In a newspaper article published in 1903, the writer makes a good point that the Sabbath day of rest creates an environment where we can grow closer to our Heavenly Father. 



Accept our Heavenly Father’s gift and observe the Sabbath day of rest. 
Grow closer to HIM!  Keep the Sabbath day holy!